WWPSU2 : Wall Wart PSU Kit version 2
A wall wart is a transformer in an overgrown wall plug. Most net-powered appliances nowadays use one. This kit uses a left-over Wall Wart to produce a clean and stable 5 Volt suitable for microcontroller (and other electronics) work.
The circuit is very simple: the AC or DC from the Wall Wart connected to the board by the power plug or the screw connector. It is rectified by the four diodes D1 .. D4 and fed into the buffer elco C1. The 7805 voltage regulator converts the rippling voltage on the buffer elco into a clean 5 Volt. A LED with a resistor provide visual indication that power is present (and that the output is not accidentally shorted). The small capacitor C2 at the output of the 7805 stabilizes the regulator.
I assume you know how to solder a PCB. Be patient, don't use too much solder and check your work under a strong lamp (a magnifying glass might be handy).
You can click on each of the pictures to get a larger picture.
|The description assumes that you have the board oriented as shown, so you can read the component designations on the silkscreen (component) side.
|Place and solder resistor R1.
|Place the four 1N4004 diodes D1, D2, D3 and D4. Note the white bands: they must be aligned with the white bands on the PCB.
|Place and solder the small capacitor C2.
|Place and solder the green LED.
|Place and solder the two screw connectors. Take care that the open ends (where the wires are supposed to enter) are towards the edges of the PCB.
|Place the power connector. At the bottom of the board, bent the solder lugs towards ecah other, flat against the board. A screwdriver will be handy. Now solder the lugs. Use ample solder.
|Fix the 7805 regulator to the heatsink. The nut must be at the regulator side. Place it, and solder the regulator and the heatsink tabs.
This circuit will work with any Wall Wart that provides either 8 .. 24 Volt AC or 9 .. 32 Volt DC. The 7805 is both short-circuit and thermally protected, so it is difficult to damage. If you want to draw substantial current you should use a Wall Wart with low voltage (8 V AC or 9 V DC), and/or put a larger heat sink on the 7805 than the one provided in the kit. With the provided heat sink the 7805 can dissipate at least 3 Watt.
The input is provided by the screw terminal or the power connctor, your choice. The power connector might be most convenient, but for a sturdy connection the screw terminal will be better. The input is rectified, so for a DC Wall Wart it does not matter how the + and - leads are connected. The 5 Volt output is provided on the three unused holes at the left of the PCB. The two outer holes are at ground (0 Volt), the inner is at + 5 Volt.
A user (Hinnie) gave me this tip (translated from Dutch):
The new PCB has both a plug connector and screw connector for the input. I used the plug connector to supply the power, and the screw connector to tap the (unregulated) power for a DC motor or stepper. This requires that the power is DC, and that one of the diodes is shorted to create a common ground.
Copyright (c) 2009 Van Ooijen Technische Informatica / Wouter van Ooijen